Do you want to build your ideal home on the French Riviera, in the Alpes-Maritimes or in Monaco? But you still have a lot of questions? No stress – this is completely fine. In order to help you plan your future construction project, the construction and renovation company ARV Design invites you to learn about the four stages of construction. In this article, we describe the first two stages of construction. The description of the other two stages will be presented in our next article.
The first step of construction: preliminary site investigation
Any construction project requires various investigations to be completed. The purpose of these preliminaries is to provide all the documentation that is necessary to launch the construction project. The preliminary investigations include assessment of costs, drawing plans, subscription of insurance, thermal analysis, soil analysis, etc.
The second step of construction: shell and core
Shell and core is the fundamental step in any construction project. In fact, this part of construction works ensures the strength and the stability of your future house or villa. The shell and core construction includes all the work intended to keep a house free from any stress suffered on the permanent or temporary basis (weight and loads, wind, earthquakes, etc).
The shell and core construction includes several key works that allow your house or your villa to be waterproof and weatherproof, that is:
- Earthworks. It consists of carrying out soil movements in order to level the land for future house depending on the characteristics of the soil. Generally speaking, the purpose of earthworks is to prepare the ground for the construction of the foundations.
- Foundations. There are several types of foundations which are chosen according to different criteria, such as type of land, presence of water, type of construction project, potential risks. If the soil of your land is stable, shallow foundation will suffice.
- Sanitation. The objective of this process is to create installations that allow waste and rainwater to be evacuated. Sanitation can be collective or individual.
- Substructure. It represents the base which rests directly on the ground and is therefore located above ground level.
- Intermediate floors. These are floors that are located between two floors.
- Load-bearing walls or elevation walls. They support the structure of a house from floor to roof. Load-bearing walls are laid on the foundation, which ensures the stability of the final construction.
- Framing. It is part of the roof and is used to support or cover constructions. The classic shape of the frame is triangular, but ARV Design also produces more original designs.
- Roof. It covers the frame of a roof and is used for the good waterproofing and resistance of a house or a villa.
- Exterior joinery. They essentially consist of installing exterior doors and windows in order to ensure the security of a house or a villa.